Find out more about Speech Language Pathologists
SLPs work in a variety of settings:
Early Intervention Agencies
Public and Private Schools
Higher Education Programs
Home Health Agencies
SLPs work with all age groups:
Early Intervention: Birth – 3 years old
Preschool: 3 – 4 years old
School-Aged: 5 – 18 years old (up 21 years old in some cases)
SLPs can specialize in a variety of areas:
SIG 1, Language Learning and Education
SIG 2, Neurophysiology and Neurogenic Speech and Language Disorders
SIG 3, Voice and Voice Disorders
SIG 4, Fluency and Fluency Disorders
SIG 5, Speech Science and Orofacial Disorders
SIG 6, Hearing and Hearing Disorders: Research and Diagnostics
SIG 7, Aural Rehabilitation and Its Instrumentation
SIG 8, Public Health Issues Related to Hearing and Balance
SIG 9, Hearing and Hearing Disorders in Childhood
SIG 10, Issues in Higher Education
SIG 11, Administration and Supervision
SIG 12, Augmentative and Alternative Communication
SIG 13, Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia)
SIG 14, Communication Disorders and Sciences in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CLD) Populations
SIG 15, Gerontology
SIG 16, School-Based Issues
SIG 17, Global Issues in Communication Sciences and Related Disorders
SIG 18, Telepractice
For more details about Special Interest Groups (SIGs), visit ASHA .
Responsibilities of School-based SLPs/SLSs:
Speech language pathologists (SLPs) work as part of a team that determines the need for evaluation and special education for students. When a teacher submits a referral for special education or a parent comes to the school asking for an evaluation, the special education team will review the information provided to decide whether an evaluation is necessary.
When the need for evaluation has been determined, the SLP will evaluate the student using a test selected based on the concerns of the team.
An Individual Education Plan (IEP) is a document created by team members to support the specific needs of the student that were identified during testing. An IEP not only describes how the student is functioning in the classroom, but also details the goals that the student will target during therapy.
Responsibilities of Medically-based SLPs:
Medically- based speech language pathologists are part of a carefully integrated medical staff and are responsible for completion of a wide variety of both instrumental and non instrumental diagnostic assessments. When physicians encounter patients with communication changes, cognitive impairment, or dysphagia (swallowing difficulty), SLP services are ordered. Once an SLP receives an order from a physician (MD, DO), nurse practitioner (NP), or physician’s assistant (PA-C), the SLP is responsible for completion of all required documentation including the final report, communication of recommendations to the ordering physician, and treatment of the above disorders. Treatment includes the development of a treatment plan, implementation of the treatment plan, completion of progress notes, and any required discharge information. Medical SLPs are also responsible for the education of the medical team with regard to improving the patient’s ability to understand and communicate their wants and needs, and with regard to safe swallowing and patient supervision during meals and medication administration by RNs.
Responsibilities of Audiologists: